Health, Public Health

World Contraception Day


World Contraception Day is observed every year on September 26. This day was observed for the first time in 2007, when it was initiated by ten international family planning organizations.

World Contraception Day is an annual worldwide campaign whose mission is to improve awareness of contraception among young people and to enable young people to make informed choices on their sexual and reproductive health, to avoid unplanned pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and abortions.

Educative programs on the issues of sex education and family planning are targeted at young people, including minors. These activities also draw attention to the problems arising due to neglecting the means of contraception.

World Contraception Day campaign highlights the vision of a world where each and every pregnancy is wanted:”Our aim is to help each new generation of adults make informed decisions until every pregnancy in the world is a planned one.”

“Our aim is to help each new generation of adults make informed decisions until every pregnancy in the world is a planned one.”

Contraception: it’s your life, it’s your responsibility.

Now let us start with the basic question:

What is contraception?

Contraception is also known as birth control or fertility control. It is the method to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Although different types of birth controls were being used in the past, it was only in 20th century that safe and effective contraceptive options became available.

With so many birth control options available, choosing a most suitable form can be discouraging for many.

Young people all over the world want to know: What types of contraception are available? Which is the best form of contraceptive? Which method protects against STIs? What about convenience of use? How effective are they?

What Contraception methods exist?

Short Acting:

  • the pill
  • sponge
  • contraceptive patch
  • contraceptive ring
  • male condom
  • female condom
  • diaphragm
  • cervical cap
  • spermicide

Long Acting Reversible:

  • IUS- intrauterine system
  • contraceptive implant
  • IUD- intrauterine device
  • contraceptive injection

Other Methods:

  • withdrawal method
  • fertility awareness
  • sterilization
  • emergency contraceptives

What are the Most Effective Birth Control Options?

The most effective methods of contraception are abstinence, implantable birth control, intrauterine devices and sterilization – in females by tubal ligation, and in males by vasectomy. These are physical barriers that are most effective.

Oral pills, vaginal rings, patches and injections come under the hormone-based methods of contraception.

These methods are followed by other barrier methods like sponge, diaphragms and condoms. Both diaphragms and sponge are placed inside the vagina. Diaphragm is a flexible cup that uses spermicide and blocks the sperm from fertilizing the egg. Sponge also contains spermicide.

The withdrawal method, in which the man withdraws before ejaculation, is one of the least effective methods.

What contraceptive method is best for me?

There are many options for birth control and you need to find out which method is appropriate for you. It is important to select the most suitable birth control method.

You need to consult your doctor/health-care giver before you select a birth control option as these methods will have an effect on your body and these effects vary from person to person. You need to take into account factors like medical history before you choose a birth control method.

Talk to your doctor/health-care giver and ask questions about the methods and find out which is the best method for you. This will help you to avoid unwanted pregnancy and improve sexual health.



The latest news on World Contraception Day can be found at



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